Communicable Disease

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Communicable Disease Reporting

Once a communicable disease is reported, public health is required to investigate the circumstances and take all measures necessary to prevent, suppress, and control the spread of disease.  When communicable disease reports are received, Public Health Nurses conduct follow-up activities.  These may include interview of contacts, education, and  telephone follow-up.

 For additional information related to communicable disease, please visit:  https://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/dph/bcd.htm

Influenza (Flu)

The flu strikes every year, usually starting in October and peaking between January and March.  Symptoms include fever, chills, cough, sore throat, stuffy nose and muscle ache. 

It is strongly suggested that everyone get vaccinated each flu season.  In particular, those who are especially vulnerable should ensure they get vaccinated.  This includes:

  • Children below the age of 5
  • Adults over 65
  • Pregnant women

The Portage County clinic provides vaccines against the flu.  They are open 3pm to 6pm Tuesdays and 9am to 11am Fridays.  They are located at the Ruth Giffry Building, 817 Whiting Avenue.  For more information please visit our Community Health Clinic page.  For more information about the flu, please go to
http://www.cdc.gov/flu/index.htm

Lyme disease

Lyme disease is the most commonly reported disease in the United States. This disease is passed from a tick-bite to a human. Some signs and symptoms of the disease including:

  • An expanding circular rash (may look like a red bulls-eye) at the site of the tick bite  wood tick                          
  • Fever
  • Joint and muscle pains
  • Headache
  • Chills
  • Fatigue
  • Swollen lymph nodes

Anyone who has these signs and symptoms should contact his/her health care provider for further evaluation.

Safety Suggestions:

  • Wear repellent
  • Check for ticks daily
  • Shower soon after being outdoors
  • Wear long sleeves and pants
  • Call your doctor if you get a fever or rash

For additional information about Lyme disease: http://www.cdc.gov/lyme/

“FIGHT THE BITE”

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West Nile Virus in Wisconsin

West Nile virus, a mosquito-borne infection that can cause serious illness, was found in Wisconsin beginning in 2001. It was first identified in the United States in 1999.

In nature, the virus cycles between birds and mosquitoes. It was only when a mosquito infected with the virus bites a person instead of a bird that people become exposed to this virus. As the mosquito season progresses, more mosquitoes are infected with the virus increasing the risk that people being bitten by mosquitoes can become infected with the virus.

For more information visit PubMed  Health: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0004457/